Traffic and transport issues
You need to approach the relevant local council, road authorities and land owners to discuss traffic, transport, and pedestrian issues that may arise as a result of your event activity. This includes setting up (bump-in) and dismantling (bump-out) the event site. The plans that you develop will need to be approved by some or all of these agencies, depending on your event.
Traffic, transport and pedestrian management plan
You are required to develop a Transport Management Plan (TMP) if you anticipate that your event will impact traffic, transport, and pedestrians. Depending on the size and impact of your event, preparation of a TMP can be a very complex exercise and require specialist expertise.
Working closely with your local council, Police Force and Roads and Maritime Services to prepare the TMP will help address all the relevant considerations associated with traffic, transport, and pedestrian management. These can include:
- an event summary with an overview, dates, times, venues, precincts, routes, any live sites, whether entry is free or at cost, whether the event is ticketed or unticketed, and the estimated attendance
- planning and event day contact details
- a Traffic Control Plan for each road closure point that describes how you will control the movement of traffic
- risk assessment and work health and safety issues related to the control and movement of traffic
- accessibility arrangements for people with disability
- current public liability insurance certificate (minimum $20 million)
- any special approvals required for the event, such as conditions of approval set by the NSW Police Force, Roads and Maritime Services or your local council
- evidence that appropriate authorities have been notified about the event, such as endorsement of the TMP by your council’s local traffic committee
- road closures
- alternative traffic routes
- event parking arrangements including accessible parking
- public transport arrangements
- target hardening and vehicle mitigation strategies if needed
- contingency plans
- special event clearways
- the use of heavy vehicles and whether their thoroughfares have weight limits
- heavy vehicle detour routes, if applicable
- wayfinding plan between transport hubs and the event precinct
- temporary event signage
- variable message signs.
Your event may need to be considered by your council’s local traffic committee. You should begin discussing your TMP with your local council at least six months before the event. Be sure to confirm when the committee meets, as it is often only monthly or less frequently. Larger-scale events may require a longer planning period.
Refer to the Roads and Maritime Services Special Events Guide for detailed information about transport and traffic issues.
If your event requires the closure of any public roads you will be required to submit a TMP to the local council and Police Force which considers the impact on traffic, transport, and pedestrians.
Reasons you need to close roads can include:
- event bump in and bump out (the technical terms for the periods when you construct or assemble the event infrastructure, and when you dismantle it)
- the event activity, such as cycling or fun run, takes place on roads
- large numbers of pedestrians are expected
- trucks will be moving large objects
- heavy vehicles will be us.
You should speak to your local council about any proposed road closure. Your proposal may need to be considered by your local council’s local traffic committee. Councils are also obliged to seek permission from Roads and Maritime Services for the closure of any public roads.
There is a legal requirement that you give residents affected by road closures at least seven days’ notice by advertising the closures in local and/or metropolitan newspapers as directed by Roads and Maritime Services and council. Letterbox drop notification to residents and businesses affected by the road closures for your event may also be required.
Encouraging event attendees to use public transport, wherever possible, will enable you to:
- move large crowds of people in a fixed timeframe
- reduce traffic congestion on roads leading to and around the event
- reduce demand on parking facilities, particularly when special event clearways remove on-street parking
- cater to people who cannot travel by car
- cater to people with a disability through accessible transport options
- meet environmental sustainability objectives.
When planning travel options for your attendees, consider:
- appropriate public transport services
- pedestrian routes between transport hubs and the event
- public transport that is accessible to people with disability
- combining the cost of travel and event entry in the one ticket (known as integrated ticketing). This is particularly useful for events that will attract large crowds, so as to streamline travel to and entry into an event
- how you will communicate public transport options to patrons.
To discuss integrated ticketing, contact Transport for NSW well before any tickets to the event go on sale. Integrated ticketing is available at a cost which you, as an organiser, may wish to include in the ticket price.
Discuss the coordination of transport services to and from your large event with relevant transport agencies, including:
- State Transit Authority of NSW – operates Sydney Buses timetabled route bus services
- Harbour City Ferries – operates Sydney Ferries timetabled services in Sydney Harbour and on Parramatta River
- Sydney Trains and NSW Trains – operate timetabled rail services as well as transport messages for major events on behalf of the public transport agencies
- Light rail operators
- NSW Taxi Council – coordinates taxi services
- Bus and Coach Association NSW – represents the private bus industry and has information on charter operators.
You are required to submit a parking plan as part of your TMP.
Encourage event attendees to use public transport wherever possible. Planning your parking provision for event staff should also be on an as-need basis.
If your event is not accessible by public transport:
- consider hiring shuttle bus services
- provide sufficient parking for people attending and working at the event
- provide accessible parking spaces close to the event entry for people with disability and tell people about these in a prominent location on your event’s website or in your marketing collateral
- consider using nearby parking stations and facilities.
If you need to set up additional parking areas, certified traffic marshals may be required.
If your event includes creation of temporary parking areas, ensure you allow access for emergency vehicles.
Parking areas and vehicle entrances and exits should be indicated on your site plan.
You should communicate the availability of car parking to attendees before the event.